COVID-19 Symptoms, Treatment and Costs
Officially named a pandemic on March 11, 2020, the novel COVID-19 virus is part of the family of coronaviruses. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus, including cough, fever, chills, muscle pain, sore throat, loss of taste or smell, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing and/ or other less common symptoms of nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
While most people are asymptomatic and recover with minimal, if any care, the elderly or people having pre-existing comorbid conditions such as cardio-pulmonary conditions, obesity, diabetes, kidney disease or immunosuppression are at greatest risk for more severe symptoms. Treatment may consist of inpatient hospitalization on mechanical ventilation.
Treatment costs for mild to moderate symptoms of COVID -19 costs can range between $400- $3500 for an evaluation by a medical practitioner including lab work or other diagnostic tests. For severe symptoms, to treat COVID-19 related pneumonia, bronchitis, lower respiratory infection or life threatening Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), costs may increase significantly for an average six-day inpatient stay ranging between $9000-$20,000, or upwards of $55, 000 to $78,000 or even more for intensive care monitoring and mechanical ventilation.
Long Term Complications
Long term complications require ongoing care, post-hospitalization and may include respiratory compromise, cardiomyopathy, neuro/cognitive impairment, depression and/or anxiety and physical deconditioning, as well as associated medical care inluding various therapies and medication .